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Visual Skills to Improve Your Football Game

Visual skills influence overall field awareness and specifically depth perception, eye tracking, focusing flexibility, eye alignment, and visual memory are all used for passing, tackling, receiving, and judgment of distances between yourself, the field markers, other players, and the end zone. These are all skills that can be improved through Sports Vision Training.


Improving Your Football Reaction Time

Football is a sport of almost constant motion, for the players and the ball. The ability to maintain visual clarity when players and/or ball are in motion (dynamic acuity) is just as significant as being aware of the smallest detail that can be distinguished in a stationary target/setting, like the backboard (static acuity)

The visual demands may very well vary between playing offense and defense as well as depending on what position you play (i.e., guard, forward, center).  Our Athlete EYEQ Neurocognitive Sports Vision Training program can help you better understand and meet the visual demands most often experienced while playing football.

✅ Improved consistency in performance

✅ Improved performance under pressure in stressful situations

✅ Improved coordination and balance

✅ Quicker reaction time

✅ Enhanced court awareness of teammates, opponents, referees, etc.

✅ Improved concentration

✅ Improved overall decision-making

✅ Improved timing accuracy

Following is a breakdown of some of the dynamic visual skills associated with the game of football.

Dynamic Visual Skills - Quarterbacks

The quarterback has the most extensive and difficult reads to make, as the success of each play originates on his accurate read of the defensive scheme. Any lapse in concentration will result in a botched play, or worse, a fumble or interception. He must also be able to concentrate downfield on his receivers through the stress and distraction of the oncoming rush.

Exact anticipation timing can help a quarterback move out of the pocket just at the right time to avoid being sacked. It is also vital for releasing the ball on time to receivers and for completing a perfect hand-off to a running back.

Depth perception is a critical skill for a QB in that he must be able to accurately judge the distance and speed of the receiver and throw the ball to the correct point. A short coming in this area will result in incompletions or interceptions.

The ability to interpret visual input and then to successfully coordinate hand, foot and associated body movements is an important part of most sports because it affects both timing and body control. A QB must be able to throw the ball where it should go, particularly while he is scrambling or off balance.

One of the most difficult dynamic visual skills is tracking an object that is moving away from an athlete. This is illustrated by the ability to accurately judge and complete a long pass. Quarterbacks that continuously struggle with this type of pass could have a deficiency in this skill.

A quarterback must be able to be aware of the rush surrounding him while concentrating on his downfield receivers. The quarterbacks who seem to step up in the pocket at the last instant to avoid a charging rusher possess this skill.

The more instantaneously he is able to process the visual information which surrounds him, the more time the QB  will have to choose the correct reaction, and complete the play.

Since basketball is such a fast-moving sport, players have to be able to react to any situation that rises as quickly as possible. If your reactions are automatic, it will help in plays such as interceptions and rebounds.

Dynamic Visual Skills - Quarterbacks

Maintaining a high level of concentration and focus in a fast paced, action-filled game like basketball is essential in order to deliver a great performance.  A slight lapse in concentration can lead to turnovers, missing easy lay-ups and free throws, or being beaten to the basket by another player. The team that can establish an intense level of concentration and maintain it for forty-eight minutes is the one that will go further than the rest.

Accommodative skills allow an athlete to keep objects in focus as well as quickly change focus during the game. Basketball players must be able to change focus instantaneously as the ball comes toward them or is thrown away from them. Quick, accurate saccades (or eye movements) are needed to rapidly survey the locations and movements of the other nine players and the ball in relationship to the basket, boundary lines, etc.

It is of crucial importance for a player to make the right move at the right time. Therefore, perfect timing is essential. A player must anticipate exactly when to catch a pass, when to go for a rebound, when to intercept a pass, etc.

The ability to quickly and accurately judge the distance between yourself, the ball, your opponents, teammates, boundary lines and other objects  is vital for such skills as:

  • Shooting (If you consistently over- or underestimate the distance to your target, poor depth perception may be the reason. Good depth perception can minimize shots that are too long, that fall short of the rim, or are not high enough)
  • Passing, specifically to players on the other side of the court on a breakaway; and
  • Evaluating the defensive positions of opponents.

Because it’s such a fast moving sport, with both the players and the ball in constant motion, knowing where you are, relative to the ball, other players, and the basket is very important.

Sharp dynamic visual acuity is extremely important for a sport like basketball, since both the athletes and the ball are in constant motion.  Players must be able to react quickly to visual stimuli that are constantly changing.

Since basketball is a very fatiguing sport that requires a lot of running and jumping, eye ‘fitness’ is very important.  A player who has limited visual endurance may find that he or she performs better early on in the game but is unable to sustain the visual demands required for peak performance as the game goes on. Therefore, eye exercises which strengthen eye muscles, will allow you to perform for longer periods of time with reduced eye fatigue.

Fixation is critical for accurately shooting at the desired target. A basketball player must focus quickly on his/her target (e.g., The back of the rim or bank-point on the backboard) and then execute the shot and follow through by retaining fixation on the spot after the shot is released.

Utilizing the full extent of your visual field and being aware of your surroundings, movement of other players or objects around you, and changes on the court is an essential skill for a basketball player on both offense and defense.

  • The offensive player has to look directly at his/her opponent’s eyes while being peripherally aware of the basketball he/she’s dribbling, an open man to pass to, other defensive players trying to steal the ball from him/her, etc.
  • The defensive player must concentrate centrally on the offensive man he/she’s guarding, while being peripherally aware of screens (picks), his/her position on the court in relationship to his man and the basket, how much time is on the shot clock, where the ball is on the court, etc.

It is vital for a player to recognize the opportunity for certain play development as quickly as possible. Players only have fractions of a second to get a shot off, to make a pinpoint pass in traffic situations, to block a shot or to recognize a certain offensive or defensive set up.

Since basketball is such a fast-moving sport, players have to be able to react to any situation that rises as quickly as possible. If your reactions are automatic, it will help in plays such as interceptions and rebounds.

Visual Skills For Other Sports

Our goal for every athlete that comes in and trains with us using our unique Athlete EYEQ program is to help them



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